Self-Aware Trickster?

Our Brains on Psychopathy

brainWe have heard about the deficit in the connection between the amygdala and the pre-frontal cortex which helps explain psychopathy. But this is something else. This article (There’s Now More Evidence Linking Psychopathy to Disturbances in The Prefrontal Cortex by Fiona MacDonald) talks about the greater density in the pre-frontal cortex of psychopaths and, get this. There is a greater connectivity between two areas of the pre-frontal cortex, called the superior frontal gyrus and the inferior frontal gyrus. I looked up the properties of each of these “frontal gyruses.” The “inferior” one has primarily to do with language. The “superior” one is about self-awareness and laughter. Interesting combination. I guess when we become really self-aware, we just have to laugh.

Here’s an excerpt about the Superior one:

Function

Self-awareness

In fMRI experiments, Goldberg et al. have found evidence that the superior frontal gyrus is involved in self-awareness, in coordination with the action of the sensory system.[1][2]

Laughter

Superior_frontal_gyrus_animation_small
Superior

In 1998, neurosurgeon Itzhak Fried described a 16-year-old female patient (referred to as “patient AK”) who laughed when her SFG was stimulated with electric current during treatment for epilepsy.[3] Electrical stimulation was applied to the cortical surface of AK’s left frontal lobe while an attempt was made to locate the focus of her epileptic seizures (which were never accompanied by laughter).

Inferior_frontal_gyrus_animation_small
Inferior

Fried identified a 2 cm by 2 cm area on the left SFG where stimulation produced laughter consistently (over several trials). AK reported that the laughter was accompanied by a sensation of merriment or mirth. AK gave a different explanation for the laughter each time, attributing it to an (unfunny) external stimulus. Thus, laughter was attributed to the picture she was asked to name (saying “the horse is funny”), or to the sentence she was asked to read, or to persons present in the room (“you guys are just so funny… standing around”).

Increasing the level of stimulation current increased the duration and intensity of laughter. For example, at low currents only a smile was present, while at higher currents a louder, contagious laughter was induced. The laughter was also accompanied by the stopping of all activities involving speech or hand movements.

lokiWell, you can read all of this by clicking on the links. I want to move on to the question of how greater density and extra connectivity between such interesting parts of the brain adds up to a “disturbance.” Maybe it’s just a disturbance by definition if it is found in the brain or personality of a psychopath. I wonder how these scientists think connecting these two area leads to psychopathy. Maybe self-aware amusement gets together with lingual ability to make us glib and cunning. That would go together. Awareness, laughter and language working together to make one tricky psychopath.

3 thoughts on “Self-Aware Trickster?

  1. Prefrontal cortex has reciprocal connections with amygdala and other parts of limbic system. Superior frontal gyrus describes self functions and awareness, but it also produces laughter after activation that’s interesting. Though prefrontal cortex is projected for cognitive learning, planning, judgment and other executive functions. Thanks for your writing.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. That is interesting, considering that one of the features of various traditions of meditation focus on self-awareness. The currently fashionable buzz word is “Mindfulness.” But, those traditions tend to aim for an awareness without words, without self-talk about the awareness. And, it turns out that many of the teachers or guides in those traditions, gurus, Zen masters, etc., tend to be tricksters, even the honest ones. Then there are the ones who do show traits of psychopathy and abuse or exploit their disciples.

    I’m reminded of a song, “Share a Little Joke With the World” by Jefferson Airplane: One verse:
    “A friend of mine asked me
    Where has he been
    Where is he now?
    I said he’d been set free
    Shares a little joke with the world somehow”

    I wonder what those scientists would find if they had a look at those gyri of serious meditaters.

    Liked by 1 person

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